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The mid-Miocene climatic optimum is a warm period that may be analogous to future conditions. Clumped isotopes from carbonates in the Swiss Alps reveal Central Europe climate has long been linked to the North Atlantic Ocean and warm intervals bring large-scale change in atmospheric circulation. 
The vestiges of lakes long extinct dot the landscape of the American desert west. These fossilized landforms provide clues of how dynamic climate has been over the past few million years.
Oct 13 2016 | Stanford News
The first large-scale map of rainfall declines revealed by signatures in ancient soil could help researchers better understand profound regional and global climate transformation.
Sep 29 2016 | NewScientist
Central Asia may have hosted deserts for longer than anywhere on the planet – and degreening continues in this inner part of the world’s largest continent.
Sep 3 2015 | Stanford News
Stanford study suggests that today's ice sheets may be more resilient to increased carbon dioxide levels than previously thought.
Nov 30 2014 | Stanford Magazine
A large portion of the research undertaken by Stanford scientists doesn't happen in a lab—or, in fact, anywhere near campus. Faculty and students in the School of Earth Sciences spend a good chunk of each year spread out around the globe digging in the dirt, climbing to the tops of mountains,...
Dec 10 2013 | Stanford News
The uplift of two mountain ranges in Central Asia beginning 30 million years ago expanded the Gobi Desert and set Central Asia on its path to extreme aridity, a Stanford study suggests.
Jan 16 2011 | SFGate
Fifty million years ago, powerful forces deep underground launched a wave of mountain building that swept southward from British Columbia through Nevada and California, and on into Mexico.
Dec 17 2010 | Stanford News
Analyzing the isotope ratios of ancient raindrops preserved in soils and lake sediments, Stanford researchers have shown that a wave of mountain building began in British Columbia, Canada, about 49 million years ago and rolled south to Mexico. The finding helps put to rest the idea that there was...
Nov 11 2009 | PhysicsWorld
A new study of stable isotopes in ancient rocks suggests that the oceans were much cooler 3.4 billion years ago than previously thought. The discovery that the ocean could have been cooler than 40 °C was made by geophysicists in the US and could change our understanding of how life evolved after...